When Hadhrat Ibraheem (Alaihis Salaam) completed the reconstruction of the Ka’bah Sharief, he made Dua to Allah Ta’ala for acceptance, and also made the Dua:
رَبَّنَا وَابْعَثْ فِيْهِمْ رَسُولًا مِّنْهُمْ يَتْلُوْا عَلَيْهِمْ اٰيٰتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتٰبَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَيُزَكِّيْهِمْ ط
إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيْزُ الْحَكِيْمُ
“Our Lord, and send among them a Messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” [Surah Al-Baqarah 2 : 129]
From this Dua of Nabi Ibraheem (Alaihis Salaam) we learn the syllabus of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam). This comprised of:
1.) يَتْلُوْا عَلَيْهِمْ اٰيٰتِكَ (Recite to them Your verses).
This signifies the teaching of the Qur’aan Sharief.
Alhamdulillah, today, this is found in our primary Madaaris or Makaatib, where the Qur’aan Sharief and its rules of recitation are taught.
2. وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتٰبَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ (Teach them the Book and Wisdom).
This refers to the comprehensive teaching of the Qur’aan Sharief and the Sunnah. This knowledge is acquired from our Darul Ulooms where the sciences of Tafsier, Hadith, Fiqh, etc. are imparted in great detail and depth.
3.) وَيُزَكِّيْهِمْ (Purify them)
This signifies the department of Tazkiyah, which is the purification of the heart and soul from every kind of evil and sin.
Alhamdulillah, most of us have fulfilled the first two departments of learning, but have not given consideration to the third. We tend to be satisfied with two thirds of the mission of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and do not attach importance to the third department; whereas Tazkiyah is extremely important. It is the foundation of success of both worlds.
Allah Ta’ala states:
قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَنْ زَكّٰهَا
“Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself.” [Surah Ash-Shams 91 : 9 ]
Taken from an article by Hadhrat Moulana Abdul Hamid Is`haq Saheb (Daamat Barakaatuhum) on http://hameediyyah.blogspot.com/
Note: Other relevant verses in the Glorious Qur’an
لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ بَعَثَ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ
Allah has certainly favoured the believers by sending in their midst a Rasool from among them, who recites to them His verses, purifies them and teaches them the Book and wisdom. There is no doubt that these people were in open error before this. [Surah Aali Imraan: 164]
هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ
He it is who has sent among the unlettered nation a Rasool from among themselves who recites His verses to them, purifies them and teaches them the Book and wisdom. Without doubt, they were in clear deviation before this. [Surah Jumu’ah: 2]
كَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا فِيكُمْ رَسُولًا مِنْكُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْكُمْ آيَاتِنَا وَيُزَكِّيكُمْ وَيُعَلِّمُكُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَيُعَلِّمُكُمْ مَا لَمْ تَكُونُوا تَعْلَمُونَ
In a similar manner We have sent to you a Rasool from among yourselves who recites to you Our verses, purifies you, teaches you the Book and wisdom, and teaches you what you knew not [Surah Baqarah: 151]