Allah’s Noble Prophet Adam AS was created of clay, a mixture of dust and water. Iblees/Satan was a Jinn, created of fire. In the Holy Qur’an, Allah ta’ala says:
”We created man from an extraction of clay” (23: 12)
And in the Holy Qur’an we learnt of when Iblees, the accursed one said:
“I am better than he [Adam]: You created me of fire as You created him of clay (38:76)” Here, Iblees concluded that fire is better than clay; but this was/is an erroneous conclusion!!
In his work, Sheikh Rashid al-din Maybudi explains that dust (clay) is superior to fire on his commentary on the verse that tells people how to make ablution if water is not available:
”If you find no water, have recourse to goodly dust” (5:6) Allah ta’ala connected purification to water or, at the time of necessity, to dust, and not to anything else.
Dust is better than fire. Fire shows defects, and dust conceals them. Fire’s nature is arrogance, so it seeks to be higher. Dust’s nature is humility, so it seeks to be lower. Iblees brought haughtiness with his words:- ‘‘I am better…” (38:76) Adam brought lowliness and humility with his words: ”Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves” (7:23)
So, let us not look at the form of dust. Look at the secret of the nature thereof. When you give a grain to dust, it gives back many times over. Whatever you give to fire, it burns it away. Plant your grains (seeds) into the dust (ground), and it will nurture it after a short time, and she would give it back as a produce many times over…”in every ear a hundred grains” (2:261)
For further reading, see Sheikh Rashid al-Din Maybudi’s ‘Kashf al-asrar wa ‘Uddat al-abrar (Unveiling of the Mysteries)’ (taken and adapted from here)